Rowing is the act of propelling a boat through the water with the use of oars. In a rowing shell the rower sits on a seat that moves both forward and backward. This enables the rower to bend and straighten his or her legs increasing the length of each row or “stroke” as we say. This makes the boat much more effective and faster than a regular rowboat. The rower basically rows using the oars to push the water in front of them causing them to go backwards. There are two different types of rowing, sweep and sculling. In sweep rowing each rower holds one oar with both hands, and is in a boat with 2, 4 or 8 other rowers. In sculling, each rower has two oars, one in each hand, and may row in a single, double or quad.